Learn Subject Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement is a fundamental concept in the English language that is often overlooked. It refers to the proper matching of the verb with its subject in a sentence. At its core, the subject is the person, place, or thing that is doing the action in the sentence, while the verb is the action itself.

The importance of subject-verb agreement cannot be overemphasized as it affects the clarity and effectiveness of communication. When there is a mismatch in subject-verb agreement, the sentence becomes difficult to understand, and it can lead to confusion and misunderstandings. Poor subject-verb agreement can also damage the credibility of the writer or speaker.

To learn subject-verb agreement, it is essential to understand the basic rules that govern it. Here are some of the essential rules to keep in mind:

1. The verb should always agree with the subject in number. If the subject is singular, the verb should be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb should be plural.


– The cat chases the mouse. (singular subject – cat, singular verb – chases)

– The cats chase the mice. (plural subject – cats, plural verb – chase)

2. When the subject is joined by `and,` and they are performing the same action, the verb should be plural. However, if they are performing different actions, the verb should be plural.


– John and Jane are coming to the party. (plural verb – are coming)

– The cat and the mouse fight, and the dog barks. (plural verb – fight, singular verb – barks)

3. When the subject is a singular noun that represents a group of people or things, the verb should be plural.


– The jury has made their decision. (plural verb – have)

4. In a sentence that begins with `there,` the verb should agree with the subject that comes after the verb, not `there.`


– There are ten students in the class. (plural verb – are)

5. When the subject is a collective noun, the verb can be either singular or plural, depending on how the sentence is constructed.


– The team is practicing today. (singular verb – is practicing)

– The team are arguing among themselves. (plural verb – are arguing)

Learning subject-verb agreement can be challenging, but with practice, it becomes easier. It is essential to read widely and pay attention to how sentences are constructed in published works. Doing so will help you identify correct subject-verb agreement and apply it in your writing.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is a crucial aspect of clear and effective communication in the English language. By understanding the rules that govern it, you can improve your writing and avoid common mistakes that can hinder your message`s clarity. Remember, practice makes perfect, so keep practicing, and you will become a master of subject-verb agreement in no time.