Explanation of Agreement

Agreement is a fundamental concept in grammar that refers to the consistency of words in a sentence. When the words in a sentence agree, the sentence is grammatically correct and easy to understand. This is particularly essential in written communication as it ensures the clarity and coherence of the message you are trying to convey.

Agreement can occur in different areas of grammar, including subject-verb agreement, noun-pronoun agreement, and adjective-noun agreement. In this article, we will examine each of these agreements, and explain what they mean.

Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement refers to the consistency between the subject and verb in a sentence. The subject is the person, place, or thing that performs the action, while the verb is the action itself. The subject and verb must always agree in number – singular or plural. For example, if the subject is singular, the verb must also be singular. Here`s an example of subject-verb agreement:

– Incorrect: The cat on the mat is fond of chasing mice.

– Correct: The cat on the mat is fond of chasing mice.

In the example above, the singular subject «cat» agrees with the singular verb «is.»

Noun-Pronoun Agreement

Noun-pronoun agreement refers to the consistency between a noun and the pronoun used to replace it. The pronoun must agree with the noun in gender, number, and person. For example, if the noun is singular, the pronoun must also be singular. Here`s an example of noun-pronoun agreement:

– Incorrect: Sarah lost their phone.

– Correct: Sarah lost her phone.

In the example above, the singular noun «Sarah» agrees with the singular possessive pronoun «her.»

Adjective-Noun Agreement

Adjective-noun agreement, also known as noun-adjective agreement, refers to the consistency between a noun and the adjective that modifies it. In English, the adjective usually comes before the noun, and it must agree with the noun in number, gender, and case. Here`s an example of adjective-noun agreement:

– Incorrect: The blue cars is parked outside.

– Correct: The blue cars are parked outside.

In the example above, the plural noun «cars» agrees with the plural adjective «blue.»

In conclusion, agreement is an essential concept in grammar that ensures the clarity and coherence of written communication. By understanding the various types of agreement and how to use them correctly, you can improve the quality of your writing and communicate your message effectively. As a copy editor, it is crucial to pay attention to agreement and correct any errors to enhance the readability of the text.